Friday, December 11, 2015

Aggression-Related Alcohol Expectancies and Barroom Aggression among Construction Tradespeople

Few studies have investigated the relationship of barroom aggression with both general and barroom-specific alcohol expectancies. The present study investigated these associations in a rarely studied and high-risk population: construction tradespeople.

Male construction tradespeople (n = 211) aged 18-35 years (M = 21.91, SD = 4.08 years) participated in a face-to-face questionnaire assessing general and barroom-specific alcohol expectancies and perpetration of physical and verbal barroom aggression as well as control variables, age, alcohol consumption and trait aggression.

Sequential logistic regression analyses revealed that general alcohol-aggression expectancies of courage or dominance were not predictive of either verbal or physical barroom aggression after controlling for age, alcohol consumption and trait aggression. However, barroom-specific alcohol expectancies were associated with both verbal and physical barroom aggression, with positive associations found for expected hyper-emotionality and protective effects for expected cognitive impairment.

In a population where rates of risky drinking and barroom aggression are high, specific expectations about the effects of drinking in bars may influence subsequent aggressive behaviour in bars. 

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By: Zinkiewicz L1Smith G1Burn M1Litherland S1Wells S1,2,3,4,5Graham K1,2,3,4,6Miller P1,2,6,7.
  • 1School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.
  • 2Department of Social and Epidemiological Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada.
  • 3Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
  • 4Department of Psychology, Western University, London, Canada.
  • 5Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Western University, London, Canada.
  • 6National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia.
  • 7National Addiction Centre, Maudsley Hospital/Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK. 

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