Experiences of forced sex have been shown to be prevalent in Southern Africa. Negative outcomes of forced sex have been documented in general populations of women and men and include alcohol abuse, drug use, mental health problems, mental distress, sexual health problems and poor overall health. This study is the first to examine experiences of forced sex and associated health problems among lesbian and bisexual women in Southern Africa.
|Forced by men||Forced by women|
|(n = 145)||(n = 96)||χ 2|
|Perpetrator was intimate partner||51 (36.4)||55 (59.1)||10.09*|
|Perpetrator known to participant||3.29|
|Known||87 (65.9)||68 (77.3)|
|Some known and some unknown||15 (11.4)||7 (8.0)|
|Unknown||30 (22.7)||13 (14.8)|
|Frequency of experience||1.31|
|Once||61 (46.2)||36 (41.9)|
|More than once||71 (53.8)||50 (58.1)|
|Type of sex2|
|Fingers or objects in vagina||55 (50.9)||34 (45.3)|
|Fingers or objects in anus||22 (21.0)||16 (23.5)|
|Oral sex on participant||34 (32.7)||34 (46.6)|
|Oral sex on forcing partner||48 (44.9)||42 (56.0)|
|Penis in vagina||108 (85.0)||---|
|Penis in anus||34 (31.5)||---|
|Stimulated vagina of participant||---||47 (60.3)|
|Stimulated vagina of forcing partner||---||40 (54.8)|
|Not serious at all||32 (22.9)||37 (40.2)|
|Somewhat serious||16 (11.4)||25 (27.2)|
|Serious||29 (20.7)||17 (18.5)|
|Very serious||63 (45.0)||13 (14.1)|
1N’s may not sum to total due to missing data; percentages reported are percent of valid data.
2Type of sex is percent of total reporting forced sex by this gender; respondents could report more than one type of sex. Differences between proportions not tested.
*p < .001.
Full article at: http://goo.gl/97nhON
By: Theo Sandfort, M Somjen Frazer, Zethu Matebeni, Vasu Reddy, Ian Southey-Swartz, and Southern African Lesbian and Bisexual Women Research Team
HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University, New York, NY USA
Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY USA
Institute for Humanities in Africa, HUMA, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
Human Sciences Research Council, Human and Social Development Programme, Pretoria, South Africa and University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa
Division of Gender Sexuality and Health, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 15, New York, NY 10032 USA
Theo Sandfort, Email: ude.aibmuloc@1002sgt.
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