To examine the mental health and functioning of female sex workers (FSW) in Chittagong, Bangladesh, a population that has commonly been neglected in mental health policy and research.
We included 259 women in the study (M age: 23.2 years; range: 11–48). The comprehensive Composite International Diagnostic Interview was used to assess their 12-month prevalence rates of DSM-IV mental disorders, and a comprehensive questionnaire was adapted to explore various factors, such as socio-demographics, working and living conditions, or experiences of abuse.
On average, participants began their commercial sex work at 18.5 years old (range: 10–45). Their main motives for sex work were coercion (49.4%) and the necessity to financially support families (54.8%). In total, 224 FSW (86.5%) wanted to quit commercial sex work. A mental disorder within the past 12 months was reported by 100 FSW (38.6%), with drug abuse clearly being the most prevalent diagnosis (15.4%). Sexual, physical, and emotional abuse were very common among the FSW, and substance use disorders (SUD) were significantly more prevalent in persons who experienced emotional abuse (OR = 2.2). Prevalence rates of any mental disorder and SUD were higher in women who did sex work to support their family, whereas mood disorders were more frequent in those who needed the money to pay debts. Participants with any disorder were significantly older than those without (M age: 24.4 vs. 22.5 years) and had started significantly later in the sex business (M age: 19.7 vs. 17.7 years).
Our study revealed that FSW in Chittagong are very vulnerable and highly impaired, as expressed by high rates of abuse and mental disorders. Coercion is very common and many FSW are required to work in the sex business because they need the money to support their families. FSW are a very marginalized population, especially in the developing countries where awareness for mental health is low and the availability of mental health services is insufficient.
Below: Self-reported abuse
Below: Relationship between quality of life and occurrence of any mental disorder
Below: Association of age with number of co-occurring mental disorders (error bars indicate 95% confidence intervals)
Full article at: http://goo.gl/nOlX6l
1Department of Applied Psychology, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Zurich, Switzerland
2Rehabilitation Centre for Prostitutes and Rootless Children (PARC), Chittagong, Bangladesh
3Translational Neuromodeling Unit, Institute for Biomedical Engineering, University of Zurich and ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
4Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
5Laboratory of Neuroscience (LIM 27), Institute of Psychiatry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Edited by: Shervin Assari, University of Michigan, USA
Reviewed by: Taiwo Lateef Sheikh, Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Nigeria; Mohammadreza Mokhtari, Hartford Hospital, USA; Masoumeh Dejman, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran
*Correspondence: Wulf Rössler, Email: email@example.com
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