The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among acute burn patients and its impacts on patient's outcomes in an Iranian burn care hospital.
A cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary burn care hospital in Iran, retrospectively reviewing the data records of all patients admitted between February 2011 and February 2012. The HIV status of all the patients was assessed in relation to clinical outcomes and the patient's prognosis.
A total of 969 patients were included in this study. Five patients (0·5%) were HIV positive, and all of them were male. Mean burn area was significantly larger in HIV-positive patients than the healthy group (P < 0·05). HIV-positive patients had a longer period of hospitalisation than HIV-negative patients (23·2 ± 16·3 versus 13·1 ± 14·6, P = 0·008).
Nonetheless, the average number of procedures and the mortality rate did not significantly differ between the study groups (P > 0·05).
Comparison of age, sex and burn extent between HIV-positive patients and HIV-negative cases also revealed similar results.
Prevalence of HIV infection among our burn population was 0·5%; thus, HIV status may be related with more extensive injuries and longer hospital stays
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- 1Department of Surgery, Motahari Burn Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
- 2Burn Research Center, Motahari Burn Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
- 3Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, St. Fatima Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
- 4Department of Surgery, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Scinecs, Tehran, Iran.
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