Most victims had low educational level, a result similar to that seen in the United States (12) and Brazil (16). In this research, predominance of young victims, mostly students was found, corroborating the findings of other Brazilian authors (16). Aggressions against women are mainly committed by intimate or known people (8). In this study, 84.2% of offenders were known to the victims, with predominance of the current partner, corroborating previous findings (5,11,14,16). In the United States, more than half of women reported that at some point in their lives, they had been victims of physical aggression or sexual assault by their current partners (12). It could be inferred that while father, stepfather, uncles and brothers are the most frequent aggressors against children, spouse or intimate partners are the most frequent perpetrators against adult women.
In 6.2% of cases, more than one perpetrator participated in the violence, which is in accordance with literature that reports a low frequency of multiple aggressors (11). In this study, the number of offenders varied from two to five. Psychological sequelae may be more severe when the crime involves multiple perpetrators (1).
A significant number of cases of rape occurred at home, both the victim and the aggressor, diverging from data described in literature, where most cases of sexual violence occurs on public roads (16). Women attacked at the domestic environment are those that least denounced violence to authorities, since most are abused by known people (8)...
Full article at: http://goo.gl/ff9IqD
- 1School of Nursing, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
- 2Dept. of Public Health, State University of Paraiba, Campina Grande, Brazil.
- Iran J Public Health. 2015 Dec;44(12):1613-9.
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