Friday, January 1, 2016

Social Determinants of Health Associated to HIV of Indigenous Women in North Oaxaca, México

The vulnerability to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection may increase based on specific social determinants of health, which can also affect the lack of adherence to a safe sexual behavior and access to antiretroviral treatment in indigenous women. Consequently, it is necessary to review, through a documentary study, what are those determinants in the case of a group of indigenous women from the North of Oaxaca and how these aspects affect those women, as well as the important role of nursing for the best approach. 

Social determinants are classified into 3 levels: macro (socioeconomic status, income, migration and education), meso (culture, gender and access to health services) and micro (lifestyles and adoption of safe sex). Indigenous women with limited resources become easy targets of HIV by engaging in risky sexual behaviors inadvertently. The nurse is a key professional who can influence behaviors of women through effective interventions that help foster self-confidence and empowerment, using the resources that the person possesses.

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1División Ciencias de la Salud e Ingenierías, Universidad de Guanajuato, Celaya, Guanajuato, México.
2Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma del Carmen, Ciudad del Carmen, Campeche, México. Electronic address:
 2015 Dec 17. pii: S1130-8621(15)00180-1. doi: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2015.11.003.

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