Tuesday, February 2, 2016

Factors Related to the Sexual Behaviors among Youth in Universities Located in the Eastern Region of Thailand

Youth is a "crisis period", as it is a transitional period between childhood and adulthood. This period incites the youth to have curiosity, especially to sexual contents. As a result, they have higher risk behavior leading to the percentage of newly HIV infected persons among youth in the eastern region that is proportionally higher. This research aimed to study factors related to sexual health behaviors among youth in universities located in the eastern region of Thailand.

This research was a cross-sectional survey research. The data collection process was conducted from June-September 2011. There were 405 informants, who participated in this study. They were students from both government and private universities in the eastern region. The age of the youth was 20-24 years old. The students' field of study varied. The tool of the study was self-answered questionnaires. The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and presented as frequency, percentage, average score, deviation standard scale, and it was analyzed by Crude odds ratio.

It was found that three-fifths of the youth already had sexual experiences, and more than half did not use condoms during their first-time sex. Regarding sexual behavior, it was found that almost one-fourth of the students did not use condoms at any time when they had sex, and did not negotiate for safer safe when they had sex. The statistical significance was (p = 0.012, Crude OR = 1.65). Youth who already had sex had more chances to have unprotected sex than those who never had sex (p = 0.014, Crude OR = 1.64). Youth who had casual sex partner(s) had more chances to have unprotected sex than youth who did not have casual sex partner(s) (p = 0.026, Crude OR = 1.78). Youth who had little knowledge on AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases would have more chances to have unprotected sex than youth who had high level of knowledge on these topics (p = 0.010, Crude OR = 2.83). Youth who had negative attitudes towards safe sex would have more chance to have unprotected sex than youth who had positive attitudes towards safe sex (p = 0.002, Crude OR = 3.65).

More than half of the informants had sexual experiences. They did not use condoms during their first-time intercourse. The study found that the factors, which had a relationship with sexual behaviors showing statistical significance, were as follows: gender, having sex in the past 3 months, having casual sex partner(s) in the past 3 months, knowledge on AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases, and attitude towards safe sex. This study's recommendation suggests that the educational institutions and parents should contribute to the knowledge and attitudes, and should support the life skills for safe sex behavior

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Abstract at:  http://goo.gl/96wT5E

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