Violence experience can increase HIV risk behaviors; however, literature is scarce on violence among male sex workers (MSWs) globally.
In 2014, 210 Peruvian MSWs (median age 24.9) were interviewed about their experience of physical, emotional, and sexual violence and condom use with non-paying intimate partners and clients and were tested for HIV.
Multivariable models examined relationships between violence in the past 6 months, condomless anal intercourse (CLAI) in the past 3 months and HIV infection. HIV infection (24 %), CLAI (43 %), being a violence victim (42 %) and perpetrator (39 %) were common.
In separate multivariable models, being a violence victim and perpetrator were associated with CLAI. Further, being a victim was associated with HIV infection.
Violence, which was significantly associated with CLAI and HIV infection, is common among Peruvian MSWs, reinforcing the importance of violence awareness and prevention as HIV risk-reduction strategies.
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- 1Division of Infectious Diseases, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, 10833 LeConte Ave., CHS 12-105, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org.
- 2Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA. email@example.com.
- 3Division of Infectious Diseases, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, 10833 LeConte Ave., CHS 12-105, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.
- 4Epidemiology, STD, and HIV Unit, School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
- 5Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
- 6Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
- 7Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
- AIDS Behav. 2016 Feb 15.
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