Tuesday, February 9, 2016

Misreporting Rate & Influencing Factors Regarding the Routes of Transmission among Reported HIV Patients in Yili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China

To understand the misreporting rate regarding the routes of transmission among the reported HIV patients in Yili prefecture of Xinjiang, since 2011.

An investigation focusing on the route of transmission among people living with HIV/AIDS was carried out to clarify the responsible reasons for the situation.

The overall incorrect reporting rate on the route of transmission was 10.8%.The proportion of heterosexual transmission route was over estimated by 63.8% to 72.0%. However, the proportion of injecting drug was underestimated by 27.5% to 22.2%. The number of cases being confirmed as through heterosexual transmission but incorrectly reported was quite high, contributing 82.6% of all the incorrectly reported cases. Most of the patients that incorrect reported, were moved from injecting drug use to heterosexual transmission, which contributed 79.5% of all the total incorrectly reported cases. Results from multi-factor analysis showed that the risk related to incorrect reporting was 3.64 times in males than in females. People who anticipated to receive HIV testing were 2.23 times more than those who had not. Old-age groups were 3.511, 4.053, 4.415 and 6.524 times higher than those people who were aged below 16 years.

The proportion of heterosexual transmission route was over- estimated while the proportion on injecting drug use was underestimated. However, the transmission pattern had changed from injecting drug use at the early epidemic stage, to current sexual transmission mode. We recommended that more attentions should be paid to patients who were males, at older age or those who had no expectation in receiving the HIV testing, during the initial following-up stage.

Purchase full article in Chinese at:   http://goo.gl/DtX3aW

By:  Ni MJ1Chen XLHu XYMa YY.
  • 1Center for STD/AIDS Control and Prevention, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Urumqi 830011, China. 
  •  2016 Jan 10;37(1):90-3. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2016.01.019.

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