This study employed an independent-groups design (4 conditions) to investigate possible biases in the suicide risk perception of mental health professionals.
Four hundred participants comprising doctors, nurses and social workers viewed a vignette describing a fictitious patient with a long-term mental illness. The case was presented as being drawn from a sample of twenty similar clinical case reports, of which 10 were associated with an outcome of suicide.
The participant tasks were
- to decide whether the presented vignette was one of those cases or not, and
- to provide an assessment of confidence in that decision.
The results are discussed in terms of availability bias and over-confidence bias.
Below: ‘Suicide’ responses for male and female participants by professional group
Full article at: http://goo.gl/Uy2nFS
Department of Research, Hertfordshire Partnership University NHS Foundation Trust, Hatfield, United Kingdom
Department of Psychology, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, United Kingdom
Department of Post-graduate Medicine, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, United Kingdom
School of Health, University of Central Lancaster, Preston, United Kingdom
Reigate Psychology Service, Reigate, Surrey, United Kingdom
Psychological Medicine Service, The Royal Oldham Hospital, Oldham, United Kingdom
More at: https://twitter.com/hiv insight