Sunday, February 7, 2016

Study of the Types of Domestic Violence Committed Against Women Referred to the Legal Medical Organization in Urmia - Iran

Today, domestic violence against women is a growing epidemic that can be observed in many countries.

This study was carried out to determine the types of domestic violence against women who were referred to the Legal Medical Organization of Iran in Urmia, Iran in 2012.

Materials and Methods:
The descriptive survey included demographic information, abuse screening, and items regarding partner involvement. Data was gathered using face-to-face structured interviews. The study population included 300, women 18 years of age or older, and data was collected about their demographic characteristics and the types of domestic violence they experienced. SPSS software version 16 was used for the analyses.

The majority of participants were in the 25 – 30 age group, and 83% of them were battered by their husbands in various ways. No significant relationships were observed between violence and unemployment, increasing age, and home ownership.

The prevalence of abuse reported by women in this population suggests that many women that are referred to the Legal Medical Organization of Iran may have a history of abuse. Abused women may have different reasons for seeking a divorce. If routine screening for abuse is included in counseling, health providers will have the opportunity to develop a safety plan and initiate appropriate referrals.

Kinds of Domestic Violence Experienced
Violence TypeFrequency No. (%)
Psychological violence298 (99.2)
Vilification235 (77.9)
Humiliate225 (74.5)
Intense reaction184 (61.3)
Treats of divorce185 (61.3)
Decisions without consulting207 (68.7)
Jape195 (64.6)
Cavil225 (74.4)
Treats of remarriage203 (67.3)
Sexual violence221 (73.4)
Sex any time he wanted112 (37.3)
Boring sex113 (37.7)
Leave wife alone after orgasm171 (57)
Sex in unusual way115 (38.3)
Disregarding to of sexuality152 (50.2)
Economic al violence262 (87.3)
Prevent economic independence156 (52)
Spending money onfor friends136 (45.3)
Being a miserly husband90 (30)
Control spending obsessively112 (37.3)
Husband get takes their income by force34 (11.3)
Physical violence268 (89.3)
Slap in the face234 (78)
Strangling171 (57)
Thrash212 (70.7)
Pushing212 (70.7)
Kicking240 (80)
Pulling hair195 (65)

Full article at:

1Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, IR Iran
2School of Nursing and Midwifery of Amol, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran
3Legal Medicine Organization, Urmia, IR Iran
4Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran
5Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, IR Iran
*Corresponding author: Ali Reza Nikoonejad, Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, IR Iran. Tel: +98-4412754916, Fax: +98-4412754916, E-mail: moc.liamg@ookina.dajenookin

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