Wednesday, March 2, 2016

Determinants of Desire for Children among HIV-Positive Women in the Afar Region, Ethiopia: Case Control Study

The desire for a child in Ethiopian society is normal. Among HIV positive women, due to the risk of MTCT, it is imperative to understand factors influencing women’s desire for children. This study aimed at assessing factors associated with desire for children among HIV-positive women in two selected hospitals of Afar Regional State, Ethiopia.

A facility based case-control study was conducted among 157 cases (with a desire) and 157 controls of HIV positive individuals registered in the selected health facilities. The participants were selected by random sampling technique. Data were collected using face-to-face interview and was analyzed using logistic regression.

Factors found to be independently associated with desire for children were age categories of 20–24 years (OR = 6.22, 1.29–10.87) and 25–29 years (OR = 14.6, 3.05–21.60), being married (OR = 5.51, 2.19–13.54), Afar ethnicity (OR 6.93, 1.19–12.14), having HIV-positive children (OR 0.23, 0.09–0.63), duration on ART more than one year (3.51, 1.68–9.05), CD4 count greater than 350 (OR 4.83, 1.51–7.27) and discussion of reproductive health issues with health providers (OR 0.31, 0.12–0.51).

Women who were young, married, Afar, those who received ART more than one year, and had CD4 count >350 were more likely to have a desire for children.

Below:  Factors independently associated with desire for children among cases and controls of HIV positive women on ART Afar region, Ethiopia, 2012

Full article at:

By:  Fatimetu Mohammed, Nega Assefa 
College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia

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