Friday, March 11, 2016

Food Insecurity & Intimate Partner Violence Against Women: Results from the California Women's Health Survey

To investigate the association between food insecurity and intimate partner violence in a population-based sample of heterosexual women.

Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between three levels of food insecurity and intimate partner violence.

Data from 6 years of the California Women's Health Survey.

Randomly selected women (n 16 562) aged 18 years and older from the State of California, USA.

We found: 
  1. that African-American women had a higher prevalence of food insecurity and were more likely to report severe intimate partner violence; 
  2. a strong positive association between food insecurity and intimate partner violence; 
  3. evidence of effect modification of the association between food insecurity and intimate partner violence by marital status; and 
  4. higher odds of intimate partner violence among those reporting more severe food insecurity.
Food insecurity is an important risk indicator for intimate partner violence among women. Understanding the factors that put women, especially minority women, at greatest risk facilitates intervention development.

Purchase full article at:

  • 1Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California,Los Angeles, CA, USA.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry & Biobehavioral Sciences,Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. 
  •  2016 Apr;19(5):914-23. doi: 10.1017/S1368980015001986. Epub 2015 Jun 22.

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