This work was aimed to study the HIV-1 subtype B epidemics in the Basque Country, Spain. 1727 HIV-1 subtype B sequences comprising protease and reverse transcriptase (PR/RT) coding regions, sampled between 2001 and 2008, were analyzed.
156 transmission clusters were detected by means of phylogenetic analyses. Most of them comprised less than 4 individuals and, in total, they included 441 patients.
- Six clusters comprised 10 or more patients and were further analyzed in order to study their origin and diversification.
- Four clusters included men who had unprotected homosexual sex (MSM),
- one group was formed by intravenous drug users (IDUs),
- and another included both IDUs and people infected through unprotected heterosexual sex (HTs).
The most prevalent mutations for each inhibitor class were PI L90M, NRTI T215D/Y/F, and NNRTI K103N, which were also among the most prevalent resistant variants in the whole dataset.
In conclusion, while most infections occur as isolated introductions into the population, the number of infections found to be epidemiologically related within the Basque Country is significant. Public health control measures should be reinforced to prevent the further expansion of transmission clusters and resistant mutations occurring within them.
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By: Patiño-Galindo JA1, Thomson MM2, Pérez-Álvarez L2, Delgado E2, Cuevas MT2, Fernández-García A3, Nájera R2, Iribarren JA4, Cilla G4, López-Soria L5,Lezaun MJ6, Cisterna R7, González-Candelas F8; Group of HIV-1 Antiretroviral Resistance Studies in the Basque Country.
- 1Joint Research Unit "Infection and Public Health" FISABIO-Universitat de Valencia, Spain; CIBER in Epidemiology and Public Health, Madrid, Spain.
- 2Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.
- 3CIBER in Epidemiology and Public Health, Madrid, Spain; Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.
- 4Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastián, Spain.
- 5Hospital Universitario Cruces, Bilbao, Spain.
- 6Hospital Universitario Araba, Vitoria, Spain.
- 7Hospital Universitario Basurto, Bilbao, Spain.
- 8Joint Research Unit "Infection and Public Health" FISABIO-Universitat de Valencia, Spain; CIBER in Epidemiology and Public Health, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Infect Genet Evol. 2016 Feb 24. pii: S1567-1348(16)30059-4. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2016.02.028.
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