Friday, April 8, 2016

Alcohol Availability & Violence among Inner-City Adolescents: A Multi-Level Analysis of The Role of Alcohol Outlet Density

Researchers recognize that the connection between alcohol and peer violence may relate to community level ecological factors, such as the location of businesses that sell alcohol. 

Building on previous research among adults, this study examines the relationship between alcohol outlet density and violent behaviors among adolescents, taking into account demographic characteristics, individual alcohol use, and neighborhood level socioeconomic indicators. Data drawn from a diverse Emergency Department based sample of 1,050 urban adolescents, combined with tract level data from the state liquor control commission and U.S. Census, were analyzed. 

Results of multivariate multi-level regression analysis indicate that alcohol outlet density is significantly related to adolescents' violent behaviors, controlling for demographic characteristics and individual alcohol use. Census tract level socioeconomic indicators were not significantly associated with youth violence. 

Findings suggest that alcohol outlet density regulation should be considered as part of broader violence prevention strategies for urban adolescents.

Full article at:

By:  Stella M. Resko, M.S.W., Ph.D.,1 Maureen A. Walton, M.P.H., PhD,2 C. Raymond Bingham, PhD,3,4 Jean T. Shope, PhD,3,4 Marc Zimmerman, PhD,3 Stephen T. Chermack, PhD,2,5 Frederic C. Blow, PhD,2,5 and Rebecca M. Cunningham, MD3,6,7
1Wayne State University, School of Social Work and Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute, Detroit, MI
2University of Michigan Addiction Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Ann Arbor, MI
3University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI
4University of Michigan, Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, MI
5Serious Mental Illness Treatment Research Evaluation Center, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI
6University of Michigan, Department of Emergency Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI
7Department of Emergency Medicine, Hurley Medical Center, Flint Michigan
Correspondence should be addressed to: Stella M. Resko, Ph.D., 4756 Cass Avenue, Detroit, MI 48109. Phone (313) 577-4445, fax (313) 577-877

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