The rates of illicit drug use among African American women are increasing, yet African American women are least likely to participate in treatment for substance use disorders when compared to women of other racial groups.
The current study examined family history of substance use, perceived family support, and John Henryism Active Coping (JHAC) as correlates to seeking treatment for substance abuse. The underlying theoretical frame of JHAC (James et al., 1983) suggests that despite limited resources and psychosocial stressors, African Americans believe that hard work and self-determination are necessary to cope with adversities.
The current study is a secondary data analyses of 206 drug-using African American women (N=104 urban community women with no criminal justice involvement and N=102 women living in the community on supervised probation) from urban cities in a southern state. It was expected that African American women with a family history of substance abuse, higher levels of perceived family support, and more active coping skills would be more likely to have participated in substance abuse treatment.
Step-wise logistic regression results reveal that women on probation, had children, and had a family history of substance abuse were significantly more likely to report participating in substance abuse treatment.
Perceived family support and active coping were significant negative correlates of participating in treatment. Implication of results suggests coping with psychosocial stressors using a self-determined and persistent coping strategy may be problematic for drug-using women with limited resources.
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By: Stevens-Watkins D1, Knighton JS2, Allen K3, Fisher S2, Crowell C2, Mahaffey C2, Leukefeld C2, Oser C2.
- 1University of Kentucky. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- 2University of Kentucky.
- 3Florida State University.
- J Subst Abuse Treat. 2016 Apr;63:54-60. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2016.01.004. Epub 2016 Jan 15.
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