In 2014, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) called for 90% of persons living with HIV (PLHIV) to know their status, 90% of these to be on antiretroviral therapy (ART), and 90% of these to be virally suppressed by 2020 (90-90-90). It is not clear whether planned ART scale-up in countries whose eligibility criteria for ART initiation are based on recommendations from the 2013 World Health Organization treatment guidelines will be sufficient to meet UNAIDS' new global targets.
Materials and Methods
Using data from a nationally representative population-based household survey of persons in Kenya we compared coverage and unmet need associated with HIV diagnosis, ART, and viral suppression among PLHIV aged 15–64 years in 2012 based on criteria outlined in the 2014 national ART guidelines and UNAIDS’ 90-90-90 goals. Estimates were weighted to account for sampling probability and nonresponse.
Eight in ten PLHIV aged 15–64 years needed ART based on treatment eligibility. Need for treatment based on the national treatment policy was 97.4% of treatment need based on UNAIDS’ 90-90-90 goals, requiring an excess of 24,000 PLHIV to access treatment beyond those eligible for ART to achieve UNAIDS’ 90-90-90 treatment target. The gap in treatment coverage was high, ranging from 43.1% nationally to 52.3% in Nyanza among treatment-eligible PLHIV and 44.6% nationally to 52.4% in Nyanza among all PLHIV.
Maintaining the current pace of ART scale-up in Kenya will result in thousands of PLHIV unreached, many with high viral load and at-risk of transmitting infection to others. Careful strategies for reaching 90-90-90 will be instrumental in determining whether intensified access to treatment can be achieved to reach all who require ART.
Below: Baseline estimates of coverage of 90-90-90 targets in Kenya, Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey, 2012–2013
Below: Baseline estimates of coverage of 90-90-90 targets in Nyanza region, Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey, 2012–2013
Below: Baseline estimates of coverage of diagnosis, treatment, and viral suppression among persons eligible for ART in Kenya based on the 2014 national treatment guidelines, Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey, 2012–2013
Below: Baseline estimates of coverage of diagnosis, treatment, and viral suppression among persons eligible for ART in Nyanza region based on the 2014 national treatment guidelines, Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey, 2012–2013
Full article at: http://goo.gl/OU0RzP
By: Andrea A. Kim,1,* Irene Mukui,2 Lucy N’gan’ga,1 Abraham Katana,1 Dan Koros,1 Joyce Wamicwe,2 Kevin M. De Cock,1and KAIS Study Group¶
1US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Global HIV and Tuberculosis, Nairobi, Kenya
2Ministry of Health, National AIDS and STI Control Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, CANADA
More at: https://twitter.com/hiv insight