This study examined the relationships between youth and parental sensation-seeking, peer influence, parental monitoring and youth risk involvement in adolescence using structural equation modeling.
Beginning in grade-six, longitudinal data were collected from 543 students over three years. Youth sensation-seeking in grade six contributed to risk involvement in early adolescence (grades six and seven) indirectly through increased peer risk influence and decreased parental monitoring but did not have a direct contribution. It contributed directly and indirectly to risk involvement in middle adolescence (grades eight and nine).
Parent sensation-seeking at baseline was positively associated with peer risk influence and negatively associated with parental monitoring; it had no direct effect on adolescent risk involvement. Parental monitoring buffers negative peer influence on adolescent risk involvement.
Results highlight the need for intervention efforts to provide normative feedback about adolescent risky behaviors and to vary among families in which parents and/or youth have high sensation-seeking propensities.
|Risky behaviors||Baseline||12 months||24 months||36 months||z|
|Was suspended from school||1.9%||2.5%||11.9%||16.9%||9.12c|
|Carried a weapon||4.4%||4.1%||5.3%||9.7%||3.45c|
|Engaged in a fight||33.2%||21.8%||22.5%||24.6%||3.20b|
|Substance use behaviors|
|Sold or carried drugs||1.1%||0.6%||1.3%||2.2%||1.58|
|Been asked to sell drugs||1.5%||1.6%||2.4%||2.7%||1.47|
|Ever had sex||3.6%||9.6%||20.8%||28.6%||13.90c|
|Had sex in the last 6 months||1.0%||3.1%||7.9%||13.7%||9.15c|
|Ever had anal sex||0.8%||2.1%||6.8%||8.7%||8.14c|
|Had multiple sex partners||0.2%||0.6%||2.9%||4.4%||6.12c|
|Did not use a condom during last sexual encounter||66.7%||59.6%||44.0%||27.3%||5.04c|
Full article at: http://goo.gl/IZYp7q
By: Bo Wang,1 Lynette Deveaux,2 Sonja Lunn,2 Veronica Dinaj-Koci,1 Xiaoming Li,1 and Bonita Stanton1
1Pediatric Prevention Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, USA
2Office of HIV/AIDS, the Bahamas Ministry of Health, Nassau, The Bahamas
Corresponding author: Bo Wang, Ph.D., Pediatric Prevention Research Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 4707 St. Antoine, Suite W534, Detroit, MI 48201, Phone: 313-966-2366, Fax: 313-745-4993
Youth Soc. 2016 Mar; 48(2): 220–241.
Published online 2013 May 6. doi: 10.1177/0044118X13487228
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