Thursday, December 24, 2015

Patterns of Substance Use, Delinquency, and Risk Factors among Adolescent Inhalant Users

Despite insidious effects, use of inhalant substances by adolescents remains an understudied phenomenon.

This research was designed to identify patterns of past year substance use and delinquency among adolescent inhalant users.

The study used a sample of adolescent inhalant users (ages ranged from 12-17 years, n = 7,476) taken from a pooled sample of the 2002 through 2012 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Three-step latent class analyses were conducted with past year substance use and delinquency behaviors as class indicators. Demographic and social covariates were included in the analyses.

Analyses yielded a six-class solution comprised of classes of users characterized by low substance use/low delinquency, high substance use/low delinquency, low substance use/fighting, cigarettes/alcohol/marijuana, high substance use/high delinquency, and cigarettes/alcohol/marijuana/opioids/moderate delinquency.

Findings provide insight into the taxonomy of adolescent inhalant user heterogeneity, and may inform future efforts at detection and prevention of inhalant use by suggesting warning signs of co-occurring externalizing behaviors and possible indications of underlying internalized issues.

Below:  Six class solution for the subsample of adolescent inhalant users (12-17 years old)

Full article at:

Claremont Graduate University, Department of Psychology, Claremont, Califonia, USA
Address correspondence to Brandon Nakawaki, Claremont Graduate University, Department of Psychology, 123 E 8th St, Claremont, CA 91711, USA. Email: ude.ugc@ikawakan.nodnarb

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