Tuesday, February 16, 2016

Factors Associated with Recidivism among Adolescents Girls in Conflict with the Law in an Institution in Brasília, Federal District, Brazil

Recidivism is a challenge for the Brazilian socio-educational system because it is associated with personal, social and environmental factors, especially among juvenile offenders. 

This study examined key characteristics and potential association with recidivism in 391 female adolescent offenders from a correctional institution in Brasília, Federal District, Brazil, between 2004 and 2011. Cross-sectional data on socio-demographics, drug use and offense characteristics from institutional information were examined. Associate factors with recidivism were examined using negative binomial regression analyses. 32.5% of offenders were recidivists at present admission and the mean frequency of recidivism among recidivists was 2.16. About half (53.6%) of the sample reported drug use. 

After the adjustment, recidivism was positively associated with: age; offender's drug use; residence status; offense type; and no family drug use. Factors associated with juvenile offenders' recidivism confirm findings from elsewhere, and should inform targeted interventions in Brazil.

Select socio-demographic, drug use and offense characteristics of female adolescent offenders (n = 284). Brasília, Federal District, Brazil, 2004-2011. 

CharacteristicFrequency (n = 284)%
Age (years)
≤ 159939.4
Type of offence
Robbery/Attempted robbery11640.8
Drug dealing/Possession7426.1
Attempt against life289.9
Threat and extortion144.9
Bodily injury/Fight/Contempt124.2
Offender drug use
Family drug use
Attending school at the time of detention
Residence status
Parents/Other relatives19830.3
On her own8669.7

Full article at:   http://goo.gl/7QsiAm

  • 1Faculdade de Ceilândia, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, Brasil.
  • 2Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, Brasil.
  • 3Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada.
  • 4Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, Brasil.
  • 5Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.
  •  2015 Dec;31(12):2569-76. doi: 10.1590/0102-311X00171014. 

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