Persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) experience clinically significant pain as a result of HIV and such pain is often related to increased levels of anxiety/depression. Pain-related anxiety has been identified as a mechanism in the onset and progression of pain experience and associated affective distress. However, there has not been empirical study of pain-related anxiety in relation to affective processes among PLHA.
To address this gap, hierarchical multiple regressions were conducted using SPSS v.21 to examine pain-related anxiety (as measured using the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale) in relation to anxiety and depressive symptoms (as measured using the Mood and Anxiety Symptoms Questionnaire) among 93 PLHA (10.8% female; Mean age = 49.63, SD = 8.89). Pain-related anxiety was significantly related to anxious arousal symptoms (β = .43) and anhedonic depressive symptoms (β = .25); effects were evident beyond the variance accounted for by CD4 count, race, sex, income level, and current level of bodily pain.
The present results suggest that pain-related anxiety may play a role in the experience of anxiety and depressive symptoms among PLHA.
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- 1 Department of Psychology , University of Houston , Houston , TX , USA.
- 2 Department of Behavioral Sciences , University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center , Houston , TX , USA.
- 3 Department of Psychology , University of Vermont , Burlington , VT , USA.
- 4 Department of Psychiatry , Stony Brook University , Stony Brook , NY , USA.
- AIDS Care. 2016 Apr;28(4):432-5. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1100704. Epub 2015 Oct 18.
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