Wednesday, February 24, 2016

Screening, Brief Intervention & Referral to Treatment in a Rural Ryan White Part C HIV Clinic

About 24% of people living with HIV nationally are identified as needing treatment for alcohol or illicit drug use. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) has evolved as a strategy to assess and intervene with substance abuse behaviors in various clinical settings. However, less is known about the processes and outcomes of using the SBIRT intervention in outpatient HIV clinics. 

This paper presents a descriptive analysis of de-identified existing SBIRT results data from an outpatient HIV clinic located in western Colorado. From 2008 to 2013, a total of 1616 SBIRT evaluations were done, which included duplicate patients because some individual patients were screened more than once in a given year. 

Over this time period, 
  • 37-49% of encounters per year were notable for tobacco use, 
  • 8-21% for alcohol use, 
  • 6-16% for marijuana use, 
  • 3-9% for amphetamine use, and 
  • 0-2% for illicit opioid use. 
Unique, unduplicated patient data from 2013 revealed 40% of patients used tobacco, 16% used alcohol, and 11% used methamphetamine. Analyses highlighted that the majority of our patient population (58% in 2013) used and/or abused tobacco, alcohol, and/or illicit substances. An alarming finding was the increase in methamphetamine use over time with more than 50-fold prevalence of use in our population compared to national rates.

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By:  Graham LJ1,2Davis AL2Cook PF1Weber M1.
  • 1 College of Nursing , University of Colorado , Aurora , CO , USA.
  • 2 St. Mary's Hospital and Medical Center , Grand Junction , CO , USA. 
  •  2016 Apr;28(4):508-12. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1110235. Epub 2015 Nov 7.

                                                                                  HIV-infected H9 T Cell RF

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