About 24% of people living with HIV nationally are identified as needing treatment for alcohol or illicit drug use. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) has evolved as a strategy to assess and intervene with substance abuse behaviors in various clinical settings. However, less is known about the processes and outcomes of using the SBIRT intervention in outpatient HIV clinics.
This paper presents a descriptive analysis of de-identified existing SBIRT results data from an outpatient HIV clinic located in western Colorado. From 2008 to 2013, a total of 1616 SBIRT evaluations were done, which included duplicate patients because some individual patients were screened more than once in a given year.
Over this time period,
- 37-49% of encounters per year were notable for tobacco use,
- 8-21% for alcohol use,
- 6-16% for marijuana use,
- 3-9% for amphetamine use, and
- 0-2% for illicit opioid use.
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- 1 College of Nursing , University of Colorado , Aurora , CO , USA.
- 2 St. Mary's Hospital and Medical Center , Grand Junction , CO , USA.
- AIDS Care. 2016 Apr;28(4):508-12. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1110235. Epub 2015 Nov 7.
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