Monday, February 29, 2016

Prevalence & Correlates of Smoking & Readiness to Quit Smoking in People Living with HIV in Austria & Germany

We aimed to investigate the prevalence and correlates of smoking in people living with HIV (PLWHIV) in Germany and Austria and their readiness to quit. 

A total of 447 consecutive patients with confirmed positive HIV status who were treated in different outpatient HIV centres in Austria and Germany were included. Nicotine dependence and stages of change were assessed by standardized questionnaires, and this was confirmed by measuring exhaled carbon monoxide. 

Prevalence of smoking was 49.4%. According to a multivariate logistic regression analysis, higher age and tertiary education level were associated with a lower chance, and occasional and daily smoking of the partner were significantly associated with a higher chance of smoking. Moderate and higher nicotine dependency level, were significantly associated with higher chance, and older age, with lower chance for readiness to quit smoking. Those results may be used to address preventive measures to quit smoking aimed at PLWHIV and the importance of addressing smoking habits.

Below:  Smoking characteristics of participants who smoke

Full article at:

Helmut Brath 
Health Centre South, Vienna, Austria

Igor Grabovac 
Institute of Occupational Medicine, University Clinic for Internal Medicine II, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Horst Schalk 
Schalk-Pichler Group Practice, Vienna, Austria

Olaf Degen 
University Clinic Hamburg-Eppendorf, Outpatient Centre, Hamburg, Germany

Thomas E. Dorner 
Institute of Social Medicine, Centre for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

No comments:

Post a Comment