Thursday, April 7, 2016

Predictors of Perceived Male Partner Concurrency among Women at Risk for HIV & STI Acquisition in Durban, South Africa

Women in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be at greater risk for HIV acquisition than men. Concurrency, viz. multiple sexual partnerships that overlap over time, has been studied as a possible risk factor for HIV transmission. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of perceived male partner concurrency among sexually active, HIV negative women.

Socio-demographic and behavioural data from women enrolled in a biomedical HIV prevention clinical trial were assessed in relation to perceived male partner concurrency using the Chi squared test. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was performed to assess the independent predictors of perceived male partner concurrency. Kaplan–Meier survival estimates were obtained for HIV and STI incidence in relation to male partner concurrency. A Cox Proportional Hazards model was used to assess the association between perceived male partner concurrency and HIV and STI incidence.

The results revealed that 29 % of women reported their male partners to be in concurrent sexual relationships, 22 % reported partners that were not engaging in concurrency, whilst 49 % reported not knowing their partners concurrency status. Older women, having never married, experiencing economic abuse, and women reporting individual concurrency, were found to be significant predictors of perceived male partner concurrency in the studied population. Perceived male partner concurrency was not found to be a significantly associated with incident HIV and STI infections in this analysis.

The study provides insight into predictors of perceived male partner concurrency among women at high risk for STI and HIV acquisition. These results may inform the design of behavioural and biomedical interventions, to address the role of multiple sexual partnerships in HIV prevention.

Below:  Kaplan-Meier survival curve for HIV incidence versus partner concurrency status, among a cohort of women in Durban, South Africa

Below:  Kaplan-Meier survival curve for STI incidence versus partner concurrency status, among a cohort of women in Durban, South Africa

Full article at:

HIV Prevention Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Zakir Gaffoor, Phone: + (27)-31 242 3600
AIDS Res Ther. 2016; 13: 14. Published online 2016 Mar 8. doi:  10.1186/s12981-016-0098-7

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