Sunday, December 27, 2015

A Cross Sectional Study: Knowledge, Attitude, Perception, Misconception & Views (KAPMV) of Adult Family Members of People Living with HIV/AIDS

We intended to assess knowledge, attitude, perception, misconception and views (KAP-MV) of family members of PLWHA. 

A cross-sectional retrospective study conducted in Anti-retroviral centre of Mahatma Gandhi Memorial—MGM hospital, Warangal, Telangana, South-India from July to September 2014. A questionnaire containing 41 items was distributed among adult family members accompanying patients living with HIV/AIDS-PLWHA. Level of KAP-MV was categorized into poor (0–28), average (29–55) and good (56–82). Analysis was performed by Pearson’s Chi square, analysis of variance and Spearman’s correlation test on 41 variables using SPSS version 21 and p < 0.01. 538 questionnaires were distributed, response rate was (96 %). 

On knowledge scale, respondents had a mean score of 8.0 ± 1.7, attitude 5.8 ± 3.4, perception 23.4 ± 4.1, misconceptions 8.0 ± 2.1 and views 8.0 ± 3.9. The respondents mean score was 53.2 ± 9.1 (64.9 %). 

Overall, level of education, marital status, religious beliefs, and employment status has significant (p < 0.001) associations with KAP-MV. Knowledge was significantly correlated with respondents’ attitude (r = −0.15, p < 0.001), perception (0.39; p < 0.001), and views (0.381; p < 0.001). Family members of PLWHA with less knowledge score had more negative attitude, perception and views. Level of education, marital status, religious beliefs and employment status were identified as key barriers. Interventions targeting family members of PLWHA are warranted.

Table 2

Respondents knowledge and attitude about HIV/AIDS in Warangal, South India (n = 515)
VariablesCorrect answerCorrect answers (%)Wrong answers (%)Mean ± standard deviation
General knowledge
1.AIDS abbreviationAcquired Immunodeficiency Virus316 (61.4)a199 (38.6)8.01 ± 1.76
2.AIDS a transmittable diseaseYes485 (94.2)30 (5.8)
3.AIDS a hereditary diseaseNo449 (87.2)66 (12.8)
4.AIDS cured at this momentNo454 (88.2)61 (11.8)
5.There is a vaccine for AIDSNo475 (92.2)40 (7.8)
6.Feel comfortable talking with AIDS patientsYes277 (53.8)238 (46.2)5.80 ± 3.47
7.Feel comfortable working with AIDS patientsYes275 (53.4)240 (46.6)
8.Living with AIDS patients in same houseYes266 (51.7)a249 (48.3)
9.Feel empathy towards AIDS patientsYes282 (54.8)233 (45.2)
10.AIDS patients deserve free treatmentYes394 (76.5)121 (23.5)
11.Sexual intercourse without a condom with HIV-infected personYes469 (91.1)46 (8.9)23.44 ± 4.19
12.Sharing needle with HIV-infected organYes499 (96.9)16 (3.1)
13.Transfusion of HIV-infected blood or receiving HIV-infected organYes498 (96.7)17 (3.3)
14.Having sex with multiple sexual partners with unknown HIV statusYes484 (94.0)31 (6.0)
15.From an HIV positive mother to her fetusYes479 (93.0)36 (7.0)
16.Sharing personal items such as shaving bladesYes438 (85.0)77 (15.0)
17.Breast Feeding from a HIV-infected motherYes410 (79.6)105 (20.4)
18.Having tattoo or body piercingNo337 (65.4)178 (34.6)
19.Kissing can transmit HIV-infectionNo147 (28.5)a368 (71.5)
20.Mosquito bitesNo460 (89.3)55 (10.7)
21.Sharing/eating a meal with an HIV-infected personNo452 (87.8)63 (12.2)
22.Sharing water or drinks with an HIV-infected personNo465 (90.3)50 (9.7)
23.Using Public toiletsNo470 (91.3)45 (8.7)
24.Casual contacts (hugging or touching) with an HIV-infected personNo427 (82.9)a88 (17.1)
aMost wrongly answered

Table 3

Respondents views and misconceptions about HIV/AIDS (n = 515)
VariablesCorrect answerCorrect answers (%)Wrong answers (%)Mean ± standard deviation
Respondents views
25.Avoid taking illicit drugs/use of intravenous drugsYes477 (92.6)38 (7.4)21.00 ± 3.98
26.By avoiding sharing needles and syringesYes501 (97.3)14 (2.7)
27.Having sex with only one faithful, uninfected partnerYes494 (95.9)21 (4.1)
28.Using condoms during sexual intercourseYes491 (95.3)24 (4.7)
29.Treating STDs promptlyYes480 (93.2)35 (6.8)
30.Screening donated blood before transfusionYes463 (89.9)52 (10.1)
31.Not sharing toilets with an infected personNo411 (79.8)104 (20.2)
32.Not sharing food with an infected personNo431 (83.7)84 (16.3)
33.Isolating people living with HIV/AIDSNo367 (71.3)a149 (28.7)
34.Do not stay with infected person on same houseNo448 (87.0)67 (13.0)
35.Do not have casual contact with infected personNo439 (85.2)76 (14.8)
36.Avoid mosquito bites for HIV transmissionNo406 (78.8)109 (21.2)
37.Love is a reason for HIV/AIDSNo337 (65.4)a178 (34.6)8.03 ± 2.19
38.AIDS is a punishment of GodNo373 (72.4)142 (27.6)
39.AIDS can treat by holy waterNo442 (85.8)73 (14.2)
40.AIDS do not come after marriageNo454 (88.2)61 (11.8)
41.AIDS can be transmitted by the coughNo461 (89.5)54 (10.5)
aMost wrongly answered


Full article at:

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Gondar College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Gondar, Ethiopia
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Vagdevi College of Pharmacy, Warangal, Telangana India
Pharmacology Department, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, Dubai, UAE
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, UCSI University, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Dammam Eastern Province, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Ajman University of Sciences and Technology, Ajman, UAE
Internal Medicine Department, College of Medicine and Health Sciences (CMHS), UAE University, Al Ain, UAE
Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Email: moc.liamg@dmrahpyahska.

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